The shift over the last century from agriculture to manufacturing with specialisation of labour being the predominant business operating model, an authoritarian style of management was prevalent.
Globalisation of business, flatter, leaner organisations, rapidly changing business, restructuring, cost-cutting strategies and the inadequacy of training on its own have been some of the driving forces behind the greater need for coaching.
There is a Charlie Chaplin movie Modern Times. Chaplin is portrayed as a factory worker employed on an assembly line. There, he is subjected to such indignities as being force-fed by a malfunctioning “feeding machine” and an accelerating assembly